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Chapters 12-13 of The Musician's Way focus on self-care and injury prevention; the resources on this page complement that material. Note: before you make decisions about your health, consult a healthcare professional.

Injury prevention for instrumentalists | Voice care | Locate a medical specialist | General health | Alexander technique | Feldenkrais method | Ergonomics | Reference | Counteracting substance abuse | Hearing protection | Blog


Injury Prevention for Instrumentalists

See p. 229-291 of The Musician's Way.

"The 12 Habits of Healthy Musicians," "Heeding the Signs of Injury" and other injury prevention articles for musicians on The Musician's Way Blog.

"Things Are Seldom What They Seem." Alice Brandfonbrener, M.D., advises musicians how to get help when injury symptoms arise (April, 2006).

Exercise for Musicians: Flay Fit, Not Flat.” How exercise benefits musicians,
by Bronwen Ackermann, Ph.D.

"Return to play schedule following injury." From Musicians' Health Scotland.

"Looking at Musicians' Health through the Ages." Ralph Manchester, M.D., sums up the prevalence and incidence of playing-related injuries.

Musculoskeletal Disorders Affecting Musicians and Considerations for their Prevention.” Slides by physiotherapist Patrice Berque; includes anatomical drawings and photos.

"Musician, Heal Thyself." Stories about injured musicians and their journeys back to health; from Peabody Magazine..

What Studying Musicians Tells Us about Motor Control of the Hand.” Article by Alan Watson, Ph.D. (2006).

AthletesandtheArts.com. Integrating the science of sports medicine and music

Books about injury prevention for musicians
The Musician's Way,
by Gerald Klickstein. See Chapters 12 & 13.
The Musician's Survival Manual, by Richard Norris, M.D. Free ebook (2011/1993).
The Musician’s Body, by Llobet and Odam (Ashgate 2007).
Playing (less) Hurt, by Janet Horvath (2009 edition).

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Voice Care & Vocal Health

See p. 268-277 of The Musician's Way as well as the For Singers page.

The Singer's Guide to Complete Health, by Anthony Jahn, MD (Oxford, 2013).
Articles and tips for singers by Anthony Jahn, MD.

The Ultimate Guide to Singing (TC-Helicon, 2014). Extraordinary new book with contributions from 136 experts; many articles about vocal health.

Fit to Sing. A factsheet from the British Assoc. of Performing Arts Medicine.

Advice for Care of the Voice, from the Texas Voice Center.
Vocal hygiene tips. Dos and Don'ts from the Canadian Voice Care Foundation.

Vocal Health Resources from the National Center for Voice and Speech (NCVS).
Vocal Health & Technique, via the Screen Actors Guild Foundation (video).

American Academy of Otolaryngology. Global directory to locate a voice doctor.
What to Expect at Your Voice Center Visit, via the NCVS

Effects of Medications on Voice and Speech, from the NCVS. Info about more than 200 medications.

Understanding Hoarseness, from ENT Associates.

Self-Help for Vocal Health, from The National Center for Voice and Speech.
Vocal health guidelines from the Lions Voice Clinic of the Univ. of Minnesota.
Tips for Performers, courtesy of the Duke Voice Care Center.

The Voice Foundation. Articles and resources.

Entertainer's Secret. Throat relief spray.
Personal Steam Inhalers, from Amazon.com.
Humidifiers and air purifiers: Amazon.com. CompactAppliance.com

Vocal Nodules by Sara Harris via the British Voice Association.
Vocal Nodules & How the Voice Works (video).
Nodules: Everything You Were Afraid to Ask. Voicecouncil.com (April 2014)

Photo gallery of throat disorders. From the Bastian Voice Institute.

Adele's Vocal Challenge. John Mayer's Vocal Challenge. Case examples of vocal cord hemorrhage and granuloma. Also prevention tips.

Voice Academy. Vocal health & advice for school teachers.

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Locate an Arts Medicine Specialist

See p. 246-249 of The Musician's Way.

International directory of Performing Arts Medicine Association members.

U.K. performing arts medicine practitioners, via BAPAM.

American Academy of Otolaryngology. Global directory to locate a voice doctor.

Musicians' Clinics of Canada, Toronto.

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General Health and Wellness

See Part III of The Musician's Way.

Artists' Health Insurance Resource Center (U.S.). Health ins. plans also available via organizations such as Fractured Atlas.

PositivityRatio.com. Gauge your mental habits with a 2-minute test.
AuthenticHappiness.org. By Martin Seligman. Articles & self-evaluations.

ULifeline. “An online resource center for college student mental health.”
Student Counseling Virtual Pamphlet Collection. From Dr-Bob.org.

EatRight.org. Extensive resources from the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.
Tips for a Healthy Diet and Better Nutrition
. From HelpGuide.org.
Dietary Guidelines for Americans. U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services.

Guided relaxation videos on YouTube.
Gaiam TV - Stream a free online yoga class.

"The Education of the Professional Musician: Its Psychological Demands and Outcomes," by Anthony Kemp, Ph.D., a chapter in Musical Performance, 2/3, edited by Froehlich and Chesky, 93-110 (Harwood, 2000).

Ash.org. "America's first antismoking organization." Articles & tips for quitting.

Health Promotion in Schools of Music. Recommendations for educators.

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Alexander Technique

See p. 250-269 of The Musician's Way.

The Alexander Technique.” A synopsis by Sara Cohoe.

"Balanced Shoulders, Open Heart." "Sitting Tall." From The Musician's Way Blog.

AlexanderTechnique.com. Numerous resources plus a teacher-finder tool.
American Society for Alexander Technique. Articles and a teacher locator.
The American Center for AT.

Alexander technique videos, by Eileen Troberman.
Alexander technique articles for musicians, by Pedro de Alcantara

Alexander Technique for Musicians. Articles and links from the AT Center.
The Sum Total Value of Non-Doing. Bill Plake on how AT liberates artistry.

BodyMap.org, by Barbara Conable.

Selected books about AT
Indirect Procedures, 2nd Edition, Pedro de Alcantara (Oxford, 2013).
How You Stand, How You Move, How You Live, Missy Vineyard (Da Capo, 2007).
What Every Musician Needs to Know About the Body, Barbara Conable (2000).

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Feldenkrais Method

See p. 250-269 of The Musician's Way.

An Overview of the Feldenkrais Method.” A 4-page article by Ralph Strauch.

The International Feldenkrais Federation.
The Feldenkrais Guild of North America.
The Feldenkrais Guild, U.K.
The Australian Feldenkrais Guild.

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Ergonomics and Computer Use

Consult p. 250-269 of The Musician's Way.

Wedge seat cushions from Amazon.com. Excellent for musicians!

"Balanced Shoulders, Open Heart." "Sitting Tall." From The Musician's Way Blog.

Lumbar Support Cushions. Foot Rests. From Amazon.

Workspace comfort guide from the 3M company.
Ergonomic solutions for computer workstations from OSHA.
How to Make Your Computer Workstation Fit You. A 40-page ebooklet.

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Counteracting Substance Abuse

See p. 307-309 of The Musician's Way.

Alcohol Abuse: Signs, Symptoms, Effects & What You Can Do. Via HelpGuide.org
Drug Abuse & Addiction: Signs, Symptoms, Effects & What You Can Do.

College Drinking: Changing the Culture.

Guidelines for Moderate Drinking. From the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture.
How to Cut Down on Drinking, from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (2001).

Be Responsible about Drinking. Resources, facts, and links about alcohol use.
Self-assessments and informational pamphlets. From Dr-Bob.org.

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Reference

PubMed. Search for articles in scientific and medical journals.

Performing Arts Medical Association Bibliography. PAMA Links.

Performing Arts Medicine, 3rd edition (July 2010). "The definitive textbook."

The Biology of Musical Performance and Performance-related Injury, by Alan H. D. Watson, Ph.D. (Scarecrow Press, 2009).

For anatomical images, search Google Images.

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Hearing Protection for Musicians

See p. 277-291 of The Musician's Way.

Music-induced hearing loss may affect half of all professional musicians, so hearing conservation is a topic of concern for anyone who makes music.

Educational resources | Sound level meters | Environmental modifications | Hearing protection devices

Educational Resources

"Hear Today. Hear Tomorrow." A widely read article by Gerald Klickstein.

Hearing Loss.” Hearing conservation tips from Musicians’ Clinics of Canada.
"How Hearing Works," by Tom Harris. From HowStuffWorks.com.

Sound Advice. Extensive resources for musicians, colleges, schools.
Hearnet.com. Hearing education and awareness.
Dangerous Decibels. Info for preventing all sorts of noise-induced hearing loss.
Noise and Hearing Loss Prevention. Guidelines from NIOSH.

Hear the Music: Hearing Loss Prevention for Musicians, by Marshall Chasin, Ph.D. (3rd Edition, 2010). Free 93-page ebooklet.

The American Academy of Audiologists. Locate audiologists worldwide.

Listen to Your Buds. How to use personal audio technology safely.

A Sound Ear II. Free 50-page ebooklet addressing “noise at work regulations and their impact on orchestras.” (Association of British Orchestras, 2008).

"Prevalence of noise-induced hearing loss in student musicians," by Phillips, Henrich, & Mace (International Journal of Audiology 49, 2010).
Sound Level Measurements in Music Practice Rooms,” by Phillips and Mace, Music Performance Research (2008).

Musicians' Hearing Health. Hearing conservation research at UNC-Greensboro. Articles about musicians and hearing, from Hearing Review.

Are Your Medications Affecting Your Hearing?” A primer on ototoxicity.

"No fortissimo? Symphony told to keep it down," by Sarah Lyall, (The New York Times, April 20, 2008).

Tinnitus and the brain." Discover magazine, October, 2010.

Center Helps Prevent Hearing Loss Through Awareness,” by Ellen Rossetti, UNT Research 17 (2008).

Listen While You Work: Hearing Conservation for the Arts. Free ebook, (2001).
Audio Demonstrations. Simulations of hearing loss.

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Sound level meters

American Recorder Technologies Sound Level Meter. Highly recommended.

SPL Pro. "A professional-grade sound level meter app for your iPhone."

The Cirrus Research DoseBadge. A professional-grade device used to measure the sound exposure levels of musicians and workers (not for consumer use).

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Environmental modifications

Manhasset acoustic shields. Caution: as described on p. 285 of The Musician’s Way, shields must be positioned within 7 inches [18 cm] of a musician's ears and angled to deflect sound away from upwind players. Info about drum shields.

Sound-absorbing and soundproofing materials via Amazon.com.

Acoustical Surfaces, Inc. An industry leader in sound control; also see their Links page, which includes information about classroom acoustics.

Portable sound-absorbing baffles from ClearSonic Manufacturing.

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Hearing protection devices

Musicians who work in high-volume settings should see audiologists to obtain comprehensive hearing exams and receive guidance on the use of hearing protection devices (see The Musician's Way p. 288-291).

Etymotic Research ER20 Musicians' Earplugs. Basic and inexpensive. 2 sizes.

Electronic Musicians' Earplugs, from Etymotic. Adjust to changing sound levels.

Custom-fitted hi-fidelity plugs from Etymotic. Order from an audiologist. Useful for some but not all musicians. Excellent for percussionists.

Sensaphonics.com. Custom and universal-fit in-ear monitors for musicians.
Dynamic Ear Company. Filters and in-ear monitors to use with custom earplugs.

Sennheiser Ew 300 Iem G3 In-Ear Wireless Monitor System.
Shure Psm 200 Wireless Personal Monitoring System With Se215 Earphones.

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