Health, Wellness, and Injury Prevention for MusiciansKeep yourself and your music making in top form!
Chapters 12-13 of The Musician’s Way delve into self-care, occupational health, and injury prevention for musicians. The resources on this page complement that material. Note: before you make decisions about your health, consult a healthcare professional.
Injury Prevention for Instrumentalists
See p. 229-291 of The Musician’s Way.
“Exercise for Musicians: Flay Fit, Not Flat.” How exercise benefits musicians, by Bronwen Ackermann, Ph.D.
“Return to play schedule following injury.” From Musicians’ Health Scotland.
Medical Problems of Performing Artists. The leading international journal.
NASM-PAMA Advisories on Neuromusculoskeletal and Vocal Health. Tools for educators (2014).
“Musculoskeletal Disorders Affecting Musicians and Considerations for their Prevention.” Slides by physiotherapist Patrice Berque; includes anatomical drawings and photos.
AthletesandtheArts.com. Integrating sports medicine and music.
“What Studying Musicians Tells Us about Motor Control of the Hand.” Article by Alan Watson, Ph.D. (2006).
Books about injury prevention for musicians
The Musician’s Way, by Gerald Klickstein (Oxford 2009; 17th printing, 2021).
The Musician’s Survival Manual, ebook by R. Norris, M.D. (2011/1993).
The Musician’s Body, by Llobet and Odam (Ashgate 2007).
Playing (less) Hurt, by Janet Horvath (2010 edition).
Mental Health Resources
See Chapter 7 of The Musician’s Way.
Backline. Connect with mental health providers.
Navigating Pandemic-Induced Burnout. Via the Wallace Foundation.
“The Education of the Professional Musician: Its Psychological Demands and Outcomes,” by Anthony Kemp, Ph.D., in Musical Performance, 2/3, eds. Froehlich & Chesky, 93-110 (Harwood, 2000).
For performance anxiety resources, see the Performance page.
Counteracting Substance Abuse
See p. 307-309 of The Musician’s Way.
Counteracting Substance Abuse among Musicians, by Gerald Klickstein.
Guidelines for Moderate Drinking. From the USDA.
How to Cut Down on Drinking, from the NIAAA (2001).
Locate an Arts Medicine Specialist
See p. 246-249 of The Musician’s Way.
American Academy of Otolaryngology. Global voice & hearing doctor directory.
See p. 250-269 of The Musician’s Way.
“The Alexander Technique.” A synopsis by Sara Cohoe.
Books about Alexander Technque
The Alexander Technique for Musicians, by Kleinman & Buckoke (2014).
Indirect Procedures, 2nd Edition, Pedro de Alcantara (Oxford, 2013).
How You Stand, How You Move, How You Live, Missy Vineyard (Da Capo, 2007).
What Every Musician Needs to Know About the Body, Barbara Conable (2000).
Ergonomics and Computer Use
Consult p. 250-269 of The Musician’s Way.
Music Medicine Reference
The Biology of Musical Performance and Performance-related Injury, by Alan Watson, Ph.D. (Scarecrow, 2009).
Voice Care & Vocal Health
Locate a voice doctor worldwide. Via the American Academy of Otolaryngology.
Fit to Sing. A fact sheet from the British Assoc. of Performing Arts Medicine.
Advice for Care of the Voice, from the Texas Voice Center.
Vocal hygiene tips. Dos and Don’ts from the Canadian Voice Care Foundation.
Vocal Health & Technique, via the Screen Actors Guild (video).
The Voice Foundation. Articles and resources.
The British Voice Association. Education and resources.
Voice Academy. Vocal health for school teachers.
NASM-PAMA Advisories on Vocal Health. Tools for educators (2014).
Understanding Hoarseness, from ENT Associates.
Vocal Nodules by Sara Harris via the British Voice Association.
Photo gallery of throat disorders. Via the Bastian Voice Institute.
Laryngopedia, by Bastian Medical Media.
General Health and Wellness
See Part III of The Musician’s Way.
EatRight.org. Resources from the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.
Tips for Healthy Eating. From HelpGuide.org.
Dietary Guidelines for Americans. U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services.
Nutrition Tips for Musicians. Video via UC-Boulder.
Health Promotion in Schools of Music. Recommendations for educators.
Teaching the Whole Musician: A Guide to Wellness in the Applied Studio, by Paola Savvidou (Oxford, 2021).
Ash.org. “Action on Smoking & Health.” Articles & tips for quitting.
Hearing Conservation for Musicians
See p. 277-291 of The Musician’s Way.
Music-induced hearing loss affects many professional musicians, so hearing conservation skills are vital for all musicians and educators.
Hearing Health Education Resources
Hear the Music Blog, by Marshall Chasin, Ph.D.
Hear the Music: Hearing Loss Prevention for Musicians, by Chasin. 93-page booklet.
Hearing Conservation Guidance for the Performing Arts.
Video via the British Assoc. for Performing Arts Medicine.
“How Hearing Works,” by Tom Harris. From HowStuffWorks.com.
Noise and Hearing Loss Prevention. Guidelines from NIOSH.
Reducing the Risk of Hearing Disorders among Musicians. Free 5-page workplace solutions document from NIOSH (2015).
“Are Your Medications Affecting Your Hearing?” A 1-page ototoxicity fact sheet.
“A Musician Afraid of Sound,” by Janet Horvath. How overexposure to loud music ended a cellist’s career (The Atlantic, Oct. 20, 2015).
Articles about musicians and hearing published in Hearing Review.
“Prevalence of noise-induced hearing loss in student musicians,” by Phillips, Henrich, & Mace (Int. Journal of Audiology 49, 2010).
“Sound Level Measurements in Music Practice Rooms,” by Phillips and Mace, Music Performance Research (2008).
Noise Evaluation of Elementary and High School Music Classes. 20-page report from NIOSH (2012).
“No fortissimo? Symphony told to keep it down,” by Sarah Lyall, (NY Times, 2008).
Tinnitus and the brain.” Discover magazine, October, 2010.
Sound Level Meters
NIOSH Sound Level Meter App. Free; for iOS devices.
Cirrus Research DoseBadge. For professional use.
Environmental Modifications to Reduce Sound Levels
Drum Shields via Amazon.com.
Manhasset Acoustic Shields. Caution: as described on p. 285 of The Musician’s Way, shields must be positioned within 7 inches [18 cm] of a musician’s ears and angled to deflect sound away from upwind players.
Sound-absorbing and soundproofing materials via Amazon.com.
Acoustical Surfaces, Inc. An industry leader in sound control.
Acoustical Society of America. Education and standards.
Portable sound-absorbing baffles from ClearSonic Manufacturing.
Hearing Protection Devices
Musicians who work in high-volume settings should see audiologists to obtain comprehensive hearing exams and receive guidance on the use of hearing protection devices (see The Musician’s Way p. 288-291).
In-ear Monitoring Systems
Sennheiser Ew 300 2IEM G3 In-Ear Wireless Monitor System.
Shure PSM 300 Wireless Monitor System w/ SE215 Earphones.
Sensaphonics.com. Custom and universal-fit in-ear monitors.
Foam Earplugs. Very low cost.
ER20 Musicians’ Earplugs. Note: Recent research shows that ER20 earplugs may attenuate by <5db, not the 12-20db implied by the manufacturer. Only use these earplugs when needing small amounts of protection.
Custom-fitted plugs. Order from an audiologist. Useful for percussionists, but not for all musicians. Note that the attenuation levels are approximate and the manufacturer claims of frequency response aren’t fully accurate.
See The Musician’s Way for practical applications of music medicine research.